Sofia Queer Forum 2020: Bulgarian Drag History

“Bulgarian Drag History” is an archival project by Yasen Zgurovski and Boryana Rossa, which will be gradually built by the end of May, 2021. The full version of the archive, as well as the printed catalog of the project will be presented at an event in May, which we hope to be in person.

The project is dedicated to the history of the drag performance in Bulgaria with a focus on the 1990s and aims to create a widely accessible information database that will provoke a conversation between generations of drag performers and those who are inspired by them, by including the centers of drag performance across the country.

Typical of the unisex and techno aesthetics of the 1990s, this drag cultural scene is widespread as a commercial trend in fashion and music and defines the profile of the new and youthful of those years worldwide. What is specific for the Bulgarian scene is that despite the subcultural nature of the drag scene, it is widely accepted and, unlike elsewhere, is not typical only for queer circles. “Spartacus” in Sofia and Varna, “Caligula” in Plovdiv, “Oscar Wilde” and “Alexander” in Varna are not just “gay bars”: they are frequented by heterosexual people, and the community of club goers is further created by the choice of the face control at the entrance, who assesses whether one’s appearance suits the queer and drag atmosphere inside, without necessarily referring to the sexuality of each of the visitors. The extravagant and often exaggerated incarnations of the opposite sex are highly valued and included. Due to this inclusion, the scene is highly inspiring for generations of artists and cultural figures who began their careers in the 1990s, and marks the beginning of artistic expression and a way of life bearing its influence to this very day.

The topic of cross-dressing has always been relevant and is present in many different layers of Bulgarian culture for centuries. Examples are the folk traditions of men crossdressing as women and women as men from the time of the Thracians, unique to our country and almost unrepresented in our neighboring cultures. These traditions continue to be widely represented in Bulgarian folklore and religious rites during Babinden (Grandma’s Day), the Sovoynitsa ritual and the Kukers’ festivities. Such rituals and their comparative consideration of today reflect not only the plasticity of human sexuality, but also the polyvalence of gender roles in society.


The online archive consist of several parts:

  • Video interviews with drag queens and kings of different generations and with artists who use transdressing and focus on gender performance. These interviews draw parallels or create contrasts between these different transfigurations, where sometimes a direct relation between the arts and the drag culture can be drawn, and in other cases the art of transdressing and transfiguration is related to the history of the theater, ritual, folklore, or even the development of technology. Among the interviewees are the drag queens Elza Parini, Julieta Intergalactica, Jennifer Benediction, Engima Chadel, Miss Boni (Borislav Sokolov), Ursula (Borislav Sapundzhiev), the facecontrol Keshisheva, the designer Mariela Gemisheva, the artists Yassen Zgurovski, Kalin Serapionov and Boryana Rossa, the theater directors Vazkresiya Viharova and Ani Vasseva, the actor Leonid Yovchev, the art critic Boris Kostadinov and others, as well as representatives of the youngest generation of drag and queer activists from Queer Carousel – Gloria Filipova, Galina Bezlova and Lea Mancheva.
  • Archival photos and videos, which will be gradually published on the project website. Analytical texts based on archival materials will also be published in the planned catalog.
  • Boryana Rossa’s “The Rhizome of Disguise” – a speculative scheme consisting of 15 of portraits of drag queens and artists, which shows the relationships and the contrasts between the drag scene and the arts.
  • Documentation of the exhibition at Structura Gallery, where the archive will be presented. Participating artists Voin de Voin, Ivo Dimchev, Yasen Zgurovski, Daniela Kostova, Lubri, Boryana Rossa, Kalin Serapionov, Kristian Chalakov, Michail Vuchkov and others. The exhibition also includes short versions of interviews with drag queens and artists, and the full versions will be gradually published in the online archive.
  • The forum will be accompanied by two discussions, which will take place until May 2021 and will be published in the online archive.